Spasmodic torticollis is the involuntary incorrect position of the head and neck, caused by neurologic changes in the transmission of impulses to muscles. Deformation of these parts of the body can be congenital and acquired. In both cases, the main cause is the chronic tension in the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Immediately after the detection of the pathology, treatment of spasmodic torticollis should be started. Symptoms of the disease are manifested in tremor of the head, permanent or periodic spasmodic pains in the neck, involuntary blinking, insomnia, contractions of the facial muscles, sense of discomfort in the body and extremities.
Causes of the decease are the following:
· Osteochondrosis, hernia
· Emotional stress;
· Sedentary behavior;
· Psychological trauma;
· Neck or head injury;
· Scheuermann's disease;
· Earlier encephalitis and other neuroinfections;
· Genetic predisposition.
All 4 types of the disease are responded to treatment which relieves pain in area of neck, shoulders and head during movement and return to full productive life.
Types of neck area deformations:
1. Antecollis – sternoclypeus-mastoid muscles are deformed at once. Forward tilting of the head.
2. Retrocollis – nerve impulses are improperly transmitted through trapezius muscle. In result of spasm the head is tilted backward.
3. Torticollis – the head is tilted one way.
4. Laterocollis – the head is tipped toward the right or left shoulder.
In rare cases, the mixed form of spasmodic torticollis can be occurred.
The Institute of Clinical Rehabilitation offers the unique opportunity to eliminate the torticollis quickly, effectively and with minimum pain.