There is no precise definition of cerebral palsy. The diagnosis is understood as symptomatology of chronic disorders of movement function. Cerebral palsy is caused by brain damages. Severity level, character, volume of these damages and the precise location of brain injury determine the form of disorders of muscular structure and total body function.
Cerebral palsy can be recognized for the number of core symptoms:
• muscle hypertonia;
• uncontrolled contraction of any muscles;
• uncontrolled involuntary movement;
• restriction of joint movement;
• muscle hypotonia.
Symptoms are also often accompanied by impairment of vision and hearing loss, or delay in brain development. Additionally, people with cerebral palsy can have such symptoms as mental and psychic disorders, speech disorders, epilepsy, convulsions, gasp, swallowing difficulties and more.
Causes can be obvious and hidden. In some cases several risk facts simultaneously can cause the disease.
More than 100 potential causes lead to cerebral palsy. They can be integrated into three large groups:
1. Pregnancy course. This group of causes includes Rh incompatibility, hereditary diseases, placental insufficiency, as well as infectious diseases (herpes, rubella, etc.) which adversely affect the child's brain, chromosomic mutations, hypoxia, and ischemia.
2. Childbirth. Quick and prolonged uterine contraction/strains can cause cerebral palsy. Risk factors also includes the following: medical labor induction, premature birth, artificial rupture of membranes, abnormal presentation, heavy fetal weight, lack of oxygen, placenta abruption, suffocation due to cord entanglement, obstruction due to contracted pelvis.
3. Newborn adaptation period (from 4 weeks to 2 years). External factors can negatively affect the child. Some of them can be avoided or minimized. This risk group includes head trauma, neuroinfection (meningitis, encephalitis), poisoning with chemicals, brain hypoxia.
• Spastic quadriplegia;
• Spastic diplegia;
• Dyskinetic (hyperkinetic) type;
• Extrapyramidal form;
• Atonic - astatic form.
Important! Treatment of the children with CP should begin immediately upon its diagnostic and carry out throughout life. This is of particular importance to do everything possible to support and recover the brain function under the age of 8 years. During this period, the child is vulnerable and able to adapt to life in society.
Causes of cerebral palsy can be different, but in any case the child should undergo the rehabilitology courses and be under continuing medical supervision.
Treatment for CP necessarily includes exercise therapy, physical therapy, Vojta method, massage, Bobath therapy, systematic work with a speech language therapist and a psychologist.
Movement disorders in children of any ages are successfully corrected in Tula by CP treatment based on the method of Dr. hab. In Medicine prof. V.B.Ulzibat, an honored inventor of the Russian Federation.
The Institute of Clinical Rehabilitology offers a unique method of treatment of the cerebral palsy consequences, manifested in impaired motor functions. Professor V.B. Ulzibat developed a technique that significantly improves the condition of sick children. This method is based on step-by-step subdermal discission of muscles with fibrous changes (known as fixed muscular contractures) by a specially designed scalpel. The aim of this technique is to increase the volume of movement what allows the child to begin to move correctly, develop new skills. This method has shown effectiveness in the treatment of patients with hyperkinesis (the amplitude of involuntary movement decreases). The Institute accepts patients with spastic and hyperkinetic forms of cerebral palsy.
This method has many undeniable advantages:
• Low possibility of injury;
• Short time of the surgery;
• No post-surgical sutures and scars;
• No post-surgical plaster immobilization;
• No hospitalization;
• Successful treatment in more than 97% of cases.
It is important to understand that cerebral palsy treatment should be complex and include combination of conservative and surgical methods. Children rehabilitation should be provided permanently. In addition, while growing -up of the child the surgical correction of movement disorders should be performed. And then you can achieve really good results and bring children with cerebral palsy back to normal social life.
Every child is a whole universe! We carefully take care of every patient.